Grading system
Finnish gradeECTS gradeDefinitionDescription/ criteria
5AExcellentOutstanding performance with only minor errors
4BVery goodAbove the average but with some errors
3CGoodGenerally sound but with notable errors
2DSatisfactoryFair but with notable errors
1ESufficientAccording to minimum criteria
0FFailConsiderable number of significant shortcomings
What is ECTS?
ECTS, the European Course Credit Transfer System, was developed by the European Commission to provide common procedures to guarantee the full transferability of credits for university studies abroad in order that they might count towards a final qualification in the home country.
It provides a way of measuring and comparing academic merits and transferring them from one institution to another. The system is based on three core elements: information (on study programmes and student achievement), mutual agreement (between the partner institutions and the student) and the use of ECTS credits (to indicate student workload). In itself, ECTS in no way regulates the content, structure or equivalence of study programmes, the credits are simply a value allocated to course units as a means of describing the workload required to complete the course/module. In ECTS, 60 credits normally represent the workload required for one year's full-time study, 30 credits per semester or 20 credits per term (in a tri-semester system).